Graphene

Graphene

Graphene is a “super-material” stronger than steel, harder than diamond, more conductive than copper, with better electron mobility than silicon.

Reactive Shell Graphene

As a material additive, our unique reactive shell graphene can chemically combine with other products, a superior bonding process to the competitors.

Graphene Ink

This new and novel form of “conductive ink” maintains the valuable qualities of graphene including strength, non-toxicity, flexibility, and optical transparency.

Graphene Enhanced Carbon Fiber

Our graphene used in 3D Printing enables the creation of lighter, stronger parts and systems and can produce objects at a lessor expense than traditional manufacturing.

Graphene is a “super-material” poised to explode in the commercial market.

WHAT IS GRAPHENE?

Commercialized graphene production is still in its nascent stage. As a parallel, think about aluminum (or aluminium). It predecessor material, Alum, had been known since the 5th century BCE, but it wasn’t until 1824 when Danish physicist Hans Christian Orsted discovered aluminum metal. Henri Etienne Sainte-Claire Deville was the first person to establish a method to manufacture aluminum around 1854 but at a cost prohibitive price. It wasn’t until the 1890s that the prices allowed aluminum to become more widely used (in jewelry, optical instruments, and some everyday items.) Compared to aluminum, graphene appears to be on a super-fast tract, but it too had to overcome some early difficulties involving price, purity, consistency, energy demands, and eco-unfriendly processes. Many experts expect the 2020s to be the boon decade for graphene as manufacturing comes to scale in an affordable, reliable, eco-friendly manner.
Depending on the production methods used, there could be environmental impact in terms of unwanted chemical by-products and energy requirements. New methods of production show great promise in eliminating these environmental threats. In terms of health dangers, some graphene produced today is 99.8% pure carbon. While it may not taste very good, carbon can be ingested by humans with no negative impact.
No. Graphene can be produced from an unlimited number of feedstocks, including recycled and upcycled materials – basically anything with carbon in it. When the cost of producing graphene becomes advantageous and it can be reliably produced in commercial quantities, it may reduce to cost of a great number of products.
The number of products is almost limitless, but let’s talk about some examples and how graphene can be beneficial. Cement is the oldest man-made material on earth. It is the second most consumed product on earth, only behind water. It is also a very eco-unfriendly substance. Adding a small amount of graphene to cement can increase its strength many-fold, thus reducing the amount of cement needed for a project and, therefore, reduce its environmental impact. When added to an oil or lubricant, graphene can reduce both friction and wear remarkably, allowing engines to function more efficiently and effectively and prolonging their life. Maybe you’ll be able to drive 20,000 or 30,000 miles between oil changes if your oil has a graphene additive. And your engine will last longer, function better at higher RPMs (especially important for Electric Vehicles), and run smoother. Using a graphene infused lubricant on your bike chain will not only prolong it’s life, but will allow you to ride faster and cover more distance with less effort. Graphene is already used in certain tennis racquets, greatly improving their performance, and will soon be in golf clubs. Graphene also has uses in bio-medical applications, computer screens and smart phone devices, coating, paints, rubber, and a myriad of other products.

Graphene markets are almost limitless

Graphene, a “super-material” poised to explode in the commercial market, is stronger than steel, harder than diamond, more conductive than copper, with better electron mobility than silicon. Its markets and applications are almost limitless — the product is added to other materials to enhance strength, water resistance, flexibility, electrical conductivity; and it supports clean energy by improving battery, solar panel and supercapacitor technology. Here are a few of the addressable markets for graphene. (Source: Grandview research)

Coatings

COATINGS

 Overall, the global industrial coatings market was estimated at $83B in 2020, and is expected to expand at a rate of 3.4% (CAGR) through 2029. 

LUBRICANTS

At $128B in 2020 with an expected growth of 3.7% (CAGR) through 2028, the demand for higher performance lubricants continues to grow.

RESINS

The thermoplastic resin market is expected to reach $13B by 2026, as these resins are 30%-40% lighter than aluminum with a high heat tolerance and fatigue resistance.

3D PRINTING

In 2021, the 3D printing sector reached $10.6B revenue, excluding hardware maintenance contracts and post-processing equipment, with AM is expected at over $50 billion by 2030.

PRINTED ELECTRONICS

The global market for printed electronics — printing methods used to create electrical devices — was estimated at $8.6B in 2021 with 22.3% growth (CAGR) through 2030

BIOSENSORS

The global biosensors (biological sensor) market size was valued at $24.9B in 2021 and is expected to expand at 8% (CAGR) from 2022 to 2030.

COMPOSITES

The market for global composites — a material made from two or more materials — was estimated at $86.4B in 2020 with growth of 6.6% (CAGR) through 2028

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Read the HydroGraph investor deck to learn how our products and go-to-market strategy will deliver value for customers and investors.

HydroGraph graphene products

Patent Title: "Graphene/Graphene Oxide Core/Shell Particulates and Methods
of Making and Using the Same"

REACTIVE SHELL GRAPHENE

HydroGraph’s functionalized graphene – benefitting from an advanced graphene production method and produced at industrial scale – offers greater versatility and potential than conventional graphene at a time of skyrocketing demand. It’s “reactive,” because it can chemically combine with other materials, rather than being simply mixed as is conventional graphene produced through other methods. The chemical combination is enabled through its reactive shell, with a surface of carboxylic acid groups and an interior that remains uncompromised.

Reactive graphene is a derivative material of HydroGraph’s Fractal Graphene and possesses a host of attractive properties, such as high electrical conductivity. It has applications in a vast number of areas, including: Energy storage; Lithium batteries; Supercapacitors; Solar cells; Medicine and biology.

Patent Title: "Nano-inks of Carbon Nanomaterials for Printing and Coating"

GRAPHENE INK

Our patented graphene ink is an entirely new and novel form of “conductive ink” that maintains the valuable qualities of graphene including strength, non-toxicity, flexibility, and optical transparency. As the name suggests, conductive ink is a material that conducts energy with the utility of an ink. Our unique graphene ink technology with enhanced performance characteristics and fewer production barriers is covered in the “Nano-inks of Carbon Nanomaterials for Printing and Coating” patent.

This development marks a significant step toward the production of inexpensive, foldable, and wearable electronics. Our highly competitive cost and mass production method for high quality graphene opens up a wealth of opportunity for the practical applications of conductive ink patterns. Markets include touch screen displays, biosensors, radio frequency identification tags, electric vehicle batteries, and more. With growing possibilities for printed electronics every day, the need for conductive inks like graphene ink is on the rise. 

Patent Title: "Additive Manufacturing of Continuous Fiber Thermoplastic Composites"

GRAPHENE ENHANCED
CARBON FIBER

Our “Additive Manufacturing of Continuous Fiber Thermoplastic Composites” patent, licensed to HydroGraph from KSU, provides for the company’s superior graphene to be used in 3D-printing. Carbon Additive Manufacturing (CAM) is a 3D-printing process that has carbon as the additive element. It enables the creation of lighter, stronger parts and systems and can produce objects at a lessor expense than traditional manufacturing.

Additive manufacturing (3D printing) is quickly revolutionizing manufacturing and is estimated to be a $4B industry by 2030. In the right applications, additive manufacturing delivers a perfect trifecta of improved performance, complex geometries and simplified fabrication. Its current applications include: Engineering resins; aerospace; automotive; medical; industrial; manufacturing; sports equipment ; and athletic footwear

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